McKinney, Jack Norman

Individual Personnel Data
Name McKinney, Jack Norman   
Rank Second Lieutenant
Serial Number O-748446   
Unit Assignments Assigned to the 547th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy), per AAF Station 106 Special Orders #39 dated 27 February 1944
Duty Pilot
MOS1091 - Pilot, B-17
Last Duty Date 18 March 1944
Results Prisoner Of War
POW Camp: Although Mckinney landed in neutral Switzerland and was therefore entitled to the status of 'Internee,' he was confined at the notorious Wauwilermoos Prison under conditions 'comparable to those circumstances under which persons have generally been held captive by enemy forces during periods of armed conflict' - in other words, the Swiss treated him as a prisoner of war, or POW.
Additional Information
McKinney was interned in Switzerland upon his arrival there on 18 March 1944, but his status apparently changed after 1 September 1944, according to a report by his pilot, 1st Lt Roger C Smith. In 2013, the USAF formally changed his wartime status from Interned to Prisoner of War, and authorized the award of the Prisoner of War Medal.
Related Documents Missing Air Crew Report # 3484 (2.122 MB)
My "Swiss Miss" Adventure (0.675 MB)
Photo Album:Crew Photo Album

Crew Composition When Assigned to the 384th BG
Replacement Combat Crew
2nd Lt. McKinney, Jack NormanPilotPOW
2nd Lt. White, Dana CalesCo-pilotKIA
2nd Lt. Fitzsimmons, Willis RayNavigatorKIA
S/SGT. Coffman, Beryl (NMI)Radio Operator / GunnerPOW
S/SGT. Patterson, Robert AEngineer / Top Turret GunnerPOW
SGT. Foster, Rayford LeoBall Turret GunnerTBD
SGT. Davis, Hubert MilesTail GunnerPOW
SGT. Friess, Earl HFlexible GunnerPOW
SGT. Dunn, Lawrence WarrenFlexible GunnerTBD

Missions, Aircraft, Crews
This individual was credited with 1 Combat Mission.
Number Date Target Position Aircraft Mission/Sortie Information
76 18 March 1944 Target: Aircraft Assembly & Repair Works
Type: Aircraft Industry
Location: Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany
Co-pilot 42‑37793 Combat Mission Credit
At 1440 hrs he turned from formation; at 1455 he called Group Leader that two engines were out and he was heading for Switzerland, escorted by P-38s through a mountain pass to the south; damage caused by flak; crash-landed at Altstetten, Switzerland. MACR 3484
From 303rd BG: '#1 engine would not feather, vibrated badly and ran away over target. Supercharger on #2 inoperative 30 minutes before initial point, was rough and lost oil. Supercharger on #3 did not function properly. Aircraft landed at Dubendorf [sic] wheels up. Destruction completed of secret equipment. Target was bombed.'
Sortie Report

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